Dual Boot with Windows 10: In our day, we can be more and more tempted to try a Linux distribution.
More and more applications, lightness of the system, ease of handling, less need of resources … The list is long. But are we really ready to give up our good old Windows?
Indeed, even if it is possible to run Windows applications on Linux with some software or with virtual machines, popular applications such as the Office suite are still not ported to Linux.
That’s why it may be interesting to combine the two systems, especially if you have room on your hard drive.
This is where the dual boot comes in. This is to change the boot sectors of your computer so that you are able to boot on two different operating systems.
So we’ll see how to do this work from a PC with Windows 10 to install a dual boot with Linux Mint.
This distribution, Linux Mint 19.1 “Tessa” – Cinnamon, is a nice distribution that is regularly updated and easily accessible for both novices and experienced Linux users.
Its Cinnamon interface is close to the Windows desktop and brings together many applications that will be very useful. in blogtechland Install Linux Mint in Dual Boot with Windows 10
- 1 Install Linux Mint in Dual Boot with Windows 10
Install Linux Mint in Dual Boot with Windows 10
In order to install Linux Mint, you will need at least 15 GB of disk space and at least 1 GB of RAM even if you recommend 20 GB of disk space for 2 GB of RAM.
You will also need a USB stick of at least 4 GB to install the Linux Mint Live CD needed for installation.
Download the necessary data
The first part is to download the ISO live image of Linux Mint.
For this, you can go to the Linux Mint website and choose directly the distribution that you like. In our example, we will download Linux Mint 19.1 “Tessa” – Cinnamon for 64-bit architecture at this address.
The second part is to download Balena Etcher, the little utility that will create the
bootable USB key (which lets boot the system on) Linux Mint containing the Live CD for installation.
To do this, go to the website of Balena Etcher.
Then insert your USB key and launch the Balena Etcher utility and choose the
previously downloaded Linux Mint image by clicking on Select image and the USB key
on which you want to create the Linux Mint installation media by clicking on Select
devices if several USB devices are connected to your PC. Finally, when everything is good, click on Flash !.
Be careful, all data on your USB drive will be deleted to create the media.
Launch Linux Mint Live
Once the media is created, you can turn off your computer. Now you have to boot to your USB stick containing the live Linux Mint.
To change boot choices, it depends on the make of your computer.
Indeed, each manufacturer uses a special shortcut to change boot device in its BIOS.
For ASUS devices, this is the F10 button, for HP BIOS you have to press F9 and for Dell PCs, it is the F12 button.
In the list, choose your USB key. Dual Boot with Windows 10:
You arrive on Grub, the startup manager.
It will then offer you several choices such as starting Linux Mint with Start Linux
Mint 19.1 Cinnamon 64-bit or check the status of your USB drive with Check the integrity of the medium.
Our choice will be on the first proposal.
You will then see the boot logo of Linux Mint.
Once Linux is booted, you are on the Cinnamon desktop, the equivalent of the Windows Desktop under Linux Mint.
You can test the distribution by looking at the applications that are included and see if all your devices are well recognized and supported by Linux (mouse, keyboard, USB devices, network cards or wifi, etc.).
Once you are ready to start the installation, open the Install Linux Mint shortcut on the desktop.
Install Linux Mint in dual boot
The installation program starts and you will have to make some choices about how to install Linux Mint on your computer.
The first step is to choose the language in which you want to install the distribution. Confirm by clicking Continue. Dual Boot with Windows 10:
Then you will have to choose the layout of your keyboard.
In our case, it is a French keyboard is AZERTY.
You can type a few keystrokes in the Enter text bar here to test your keyboard to make sure you have made the right choice and that all your keys work properly. Validate with Continue.
You will then have to choose if you want to install the proprietary drivers for the components of your devices.
We advise you to check this option for greater compatibility of devices, internal and external. Confirm by clicking Continue.
Type of installation
We now come to an important step in installing Linux Mint and our dual boot: choosing the type of installation.
In this step, you will have to choose how to install Linux Mint. By default, Windows will automatically be detected if it is already present on your disk.
That’s why the installer will suggest you to install Linux Mint next to Windows Boot Manager.
This is the choice we will make to keep our two operating systems and configure a dual boot. Click Continue to continue the installation.
This step is also crucial and it is very difficult to come back to it later.
That’s why you have to wonder what storage space you need.
Using the slider, you will need to choose how much space you want to allocate to the Linux Mint system and how much space you want to reserve for the files.
The file space will be an NTFS partition that will be shared between your two systems and accessible from both.
We advise you to leave between 20 GB and 30 GB of storage for the Linux Mint system, this will allow you to download the updates and install applications in the future.
You can allocate the rest of your disk to the files according to its capacity.
Once the split has been chosen, click Install Now.
You may see a warning about the changes to be made to the disks: validate by clicking Continue.
The last two steps are to choose the time zone: Dual Boot with Windows 10:
dual boot windows 10 kali Linux: Then choose login information such as PC name, user and password. After filling in the fields, validate by clicking Continue.
The installation of Linux Mint then begins. For us, it took about 10 minutes.
However, this may take longer if your PC is old or if you have requested the creation of large partitions.
During the installation, you will see a little presentation.
This will show you the main features of Linux Mint as well as the best available applications.
When the installation is complete, click Restart Now to perform your first boot with the dual boot.
When prompted, remove your USB flash drive and press Enter.
Start with the dual boot
Dual Boot with Windows 10: When you launch your PC, you will now come to the Grub boot utility every time.
Remember, this was the one that was present when starting on the Linux Mint Live.
Without any action on your part, the system will automatically start on the first choice, here Linux Mint, after 10 seconds.
Otherwise, navigate in the menu with the arrows on your keyboard and choose the system you want to boot: Linux Mint 19.1 Cinnamon or Windows Boot Manager. Validate with entering.
Depending on your choice, you will start either on Windows or Linux Mint.
To change the system, reboot the PC and choose another system from the menu.